The Journal of Implant & Advanced Clinical Dentistry
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Information on the Immediate Implant Placement Technique

Prosthetic replacement of teeth aims to restore the original function of missing teeth while remaining consistent with a subject’s natural dentition. Given advances in prosthodontics, the replacement of teeth has become a near-routine procedure in the field of restorative dentistry.

One of the primary challenges of tooth replacement is ensuring implants are compatible with existing gum tissue. With the popularity of endosteal dental implants, it has become increasingly important to preserve the alveolar ridge. In these instances, the immediate implant placement technique shows promise in implant procedures.

Endosteal dental implants require the preservation of a dental socket. The problem with delayed treatment is that the alveolar ridge has time to fill. As a consequence, placing the implant becomes more difficult, the longer a patient waits for treatment. The immediate implant placement technique aims to place a new implant before the resorption of the alveolar ridge occurs.

Immediate implant placement occurs after an osteotomy procedure. After the old tooth is extracted, particulate bone graft materials and the new implant are placed into the extraction socket. The bone graft materials provide sufficient tissue to anchor the implant.

A key advantage of the immediate placement technique is that it shortens the timelines for the restoration of a tooth. This requires fewer visits from the patient, and it also increases the likelihood that the patient’s alveolar ridge will accept the bone graft tissue. As a result, the chances for a successful implant procedure increase.

The immediate implant placement technique does have limitations, however. It is only recommended to utilize this procedure if the space between the socket walls and the implant is relatively small. The larger the space between the socket walls and the implant, the less stable the implant site will be. If the extraction socket is nearly intact or completely intact, immediate placement is highly recommended.

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