The Journal of Implant & Advanced Clinical Dentistry
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Dental Implants and Sinus Perforation

Oral surgeons and dentists who specialize in restoration dentistry understand that implants are a key procedure in their field. As such, they must also be cognizant of the complications that might arise from surgical procedures. One of the biggest concerns revolves around sinus membrane perforation.

The sinuses are the air spaces found in the hollow parts of the facial bones. Most of the sinus tissue is located around the nose or under the eyes. The upper jaw, particularly the back portion, is a delicate area to place dental implants. When placing an implant, there is a possibility of the post to puncture the bone and affect the sinus area.

A sinus membrane perforation can compromise the stability of a dental implant. On top of that, a collection of other complications may occur. Among the most common is a sinus infection, which causes irritation and problems with a patient’s sense of smell. Perforated sinuses directly affect the dental implant, which can cause it to become loose.

Several procedures may be employed to minimize the risk of a sinus perforation. One such method is the sinus lift, which grafts bone near the upper jaw to stabilize the location of the dental implant. Sinus augmentation surgery can take anywhere between four and twelve months to develop, which can lengthen the overall treatment period for dental implant surgery.

Oral surgeons, periodontists, and restoration dentists are at the forefront of developing new surgical techniques and interventions that improve the lives of patients. By recognizing the causes and effects of sinus membrane perforation, dentists can find ways to mitigate their impact.

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